Diverticula are benign swellings that form in the large intestine. They are especially common after age 40 and rarely cause problems. Typically, most people with diverticula don’t even notice it.
Sometimes, however, one or more bulges in the intestinal wall they become inflamed, giving rise to diverticulitis.
This disorder can lead to general malaise: abdominal pain, fever, nausea, increased pressure and a marked change in bowel habits.
In these cases, it is important to choose the diverticulitis diet on the right, to help the body regress inflammatory phase.
Only in rare cases are they prescribed pharmacological treatments.
In principle, if the discomfort is mild, you can continue to eat as usual.
But if the diverticula are severely inflamed, it may be a good idea to give the intestines a rest as well. favor a liquid diet to prevent further inflammation or complications.
Usually after a few days the liquid food can be replaced with an easily digestible food.
And the diet can be gradually expanded until it returns to normal when I symptoms of diverticula vanish.
Below we present to you diverticulitis diet:
Foods to avoid with diverticulitis
With a irritable bowel and an inflamed intestine in presence of diverticulitis, the swelling can cause the intestines to narrow. If so, your doctor may recommend adiet diverticula liquid.
Many wonder: in case of diverticulitis what to eat?
Generally, the consumption of foods that can contribute to aggravating the disorders is limited, but it is important that the diet be as balanced as possible to avoid deficiencies. Certain Foods Can Also Cause Constipation
The diet to be followed may vary from person to person, as not all products are tolerated in the same way.
However, the following foods are best avoided.
- High FODMAP Foods
Do you know what kind of food it is?
FODMAP stands for Fermentable Oligosaccharides, Disaccharides (lactose), Monosaccharides (fructose) and Polyols (sugar alcohol).
These are certain types of carbohydrates that can be difficult for the small intestine to absorb.
As a result, they end up undigested in the large intestine, where they are immediately broken down by gut bacteria.
This causes gas, which can lead to intestinal upset such as bloating and flatulence abdominal pain.
Products you should avoid include:
- bread, cereals and wheat pasta
- borlotti beans and peas
- almost any dried fruit
- apricots, ripe bananas, cherries, pears, peaches, plums, watermelon
- cauliflower, corn, asparagus, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, garlic and onion
- milk and yogurt mainly of animal origin
As for this last element, keep in mind that lactose is not completely banned, it is only recommended to consume it in small quantities.
In principle, all types of meat, fish and eggs are permitted in the diet of diverticular disease. Just be careful to consume them in moderation.
However, try to avoid breaded, fried, or marinated foods with onion and garlic, as well as tofu.
- Foods high in sugar
It would be good to refrain from drinking carbonated drinks, especially carbonated ones, as well as foods with a high sugar content (always read the ingredient label).
Consumption is also not recommended excess alcohol.
Should fiber-rich foods be avoided?
As already mentioned, in presence of diverticula we recommend that you start with a liquid or semi-liquid diet.
The transition to high-fiber foods happens gradually with intermediate steps, so it’s good to incorporate low-fiber foods. fiber contentthen switch to high-fiber products.
The recommended fiber intake is around 30 to 40 grams per day. High fiber foods include:
- bread pasta rice integral
- rusks and wholemeal cookies
- fruit vegetables believed
- legumes (especially beans, chickpeas and lentils)
- walnuts, peanuts, flax seeds, sesame seeds and sunflower seeds
- Whole grains and oat flakes
If needed, your doctor may prescribe fiber supplements to get an adequate intake for your eating habits. They are usually not prescribed medicationswe can advise you with me inflamed diverticula what to eat.
With a diet for diverticula rich in fibre, it is very important to provide the body with a sufficient quantity of water to avoid constipation.
What foods are indicated with diverticulitis?
If in cases of diverticulitis you have been prescribed a low-residue diet, your doctor will discuss with you when you can again expand the range of foods you can eat.
In most situations, the next step is a rich diet fiber (in addition of course to a way of life in good health).
It all depends on how you feel and what food you can tolerate.
It is important to follow your doctor’s advice for care and treatment cleaning of diverticula. If necessary, a dietitian can give you “tailor-made” dietary advice, with natural remedies for diverticulitis.
A diet high in fiber ensures smooth stools and good movement intestinal. Fiber is mainly found in whole grain products, vegetables and fruits.
Overweight with diverticulitis
Obesity seems to increase the risk of developing acute diverticulitis and is therefore an aspect to which particular attention should be paid.
After risk factors for overweight, they are an inactive lifestyle in combination with an unbalanced diet.
Measures to promote good intestinal transit
If you need to encourage intestinal motilityhere are some simple suggestions:
- follow a diet for acute diverticulitis which contains a sufficient quantity amount of fiber
- drink plenty of fluids, one and a half to two liters (about 10 to 12 glasses) a day
- eat at least two main meals
- don’t skip breakfast
- exercise regularly. Run, walk, cycle or train as much as possible, preferably every day for keep your muscles toned. Nevertheless during the inflammatory phase your doctor may advise you to rest temporarily
- do not smoke and avoid drinking alcohol
- Try to relax. Stress and anxiety have negative effects on intestinal disorders
- if you feel the need to go to the bathroom, give yourself time
Diverticula are small bulges of the intestinal wall in the abdominal cavity. A diet low in fiber can cause formation of diverticula.
If they cause discomfort, it is important to intervene in the diet, first by providing liquid foods and then by gradually introducing other foods. In this article, we have indicated what to avoid and what can be consumed freely.
And don’t forget to exercise regularly and drink plenty of fluids every day.